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Pankaj Oudhia’s Notes on Balanites roxburghii Planch. [Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, and Baman Das Basu. "Indian Medicinal Plants." Indian Medicinal Plants. (1918)].

Pankaj Oudhia’s Notes on Balanites roxburghii Planch. [Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, and Baman Das Basu. "Indian Medicinal Plants." Indian Medicinal Plants. (1918)].


Pankaj Oudhia




Based on Ethnobotanical surveys since year 1990 in different parts of India Pankaj Oudhia has documented vital information about Medicinal Plants mentioned in the famous publication by Kirtikar and Basu (1918). Through this research document Pankaj Oudhia has tried to present original document with additional notes. For complete paper with pictures, Interactive Tables, Video and Audio clips please visit



For original publication by Kirtikar and Basu (1918) please visit




250.- — Balanites Roxburghii, Planch. H. F. B. I.,

i. 522.


Syn. :— Ximenia aegyptiaca, B. aegyptiaca, Wall.


Sans : — Ingudi-Vrikshaka.


Ver : — Hingan, ingua, hingol, liingota (H.) ; Egorea, hinger

(Guz.) ; Hingon (B.) ; Hinganbet, hingan (Dec) ; Garah, (Goncli) ;

Nanjunda (Tam.) ; Mancliuta (Mai.) ; Gari ; gara-chethi, ringri

(Tel). Hingoriyun (Porebunder and Guz.)


Habitat: — Drier parts of India, from Cawnpore to Sikkim,

Behar, Guzerat, Khandeish and the Deccan. Mhasvad Road,

Satara district. Burmah.


A scraggy shrub ; in favourable situations, a small tree,

30ft. high, with glabrous puberulous branches, ending in very

strong, sharp, ascending spines. Wood yellowish white, moder-

ately hard. Bark yellow or cinereous. The roots spread far

and throw up root-suckers at a considerable distance from

the trunk. Leaves of two elliptic or obovate puberulous, entire

coriaceous leaflets. Cymes 4-10-flowered. Flowers white or

green, fragrant. Sepals and petals ovate, velvety-pubescent,

more than an inch long. Drupes ovoid, lj-2in. long, 5-grooved ;

pulp bitter, with an offensive greasy smell. Stone hard,









Parts used : — The seeds, Bark, leaves and fruit. [Pankaj Oudhia’s Comment: All parts are used both internally as well as externally as medicine.]


Use : — " The seeds are given in coughs [Pankaj Oudhia’s Comment: More herbs are added with it in order reduce its possible harmful effects and to enhacne its effectiveness.]. The bark, unripe

fruit, and leaves are pungent, bitter and purgative, and are

considered to have anthelmintic properties [Pankaj Oudhia’s Comment: This is the reason it is very popular among the Traditional Healers having expertise in treatment of Vitiligo.]. The African Arabs

use the pulp of the fruit as a detergent and the bark to poison

fish." (Dymock.)


[Pankaj Oudhia’s Comment: The Etnbotanical surveys till year 2004 resulted in information about over 50,000 Balanites based Herbal Formulations in which it is added as primary ingredient. The recent surveys based on interactions with Herb Traders and Healers of young generation resulted in much information and in my database now there are thousands of new Formulations. The recent surveys revelated that the senior natives are aware of more information about Traditional Formulations as compared to the Healers in many cases, although they have superficial information. These Formulations are new to the modern science and many research organisations are conducting systematic research on this important species under my technical supervision. For details of all surveys please see Tables Balan-1 to Balan-186.


According to Surgeon Parker of Poona, the seeds are useful

in colic (Watt 1 Dictionary, Vol. I.) [Pankaj Oudhia’s Comment: Less popular use these days.]


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The soft parts of the fruit contain 7 per cent, of the Saponin C 13 H 23 O 10 .

J. Ch. S. 1901 A I 648,


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A sample of oil prepared by the natives of Marogoro (German East

Africa) from the seeds was of a light yellow colour and had a pleasant nutty

taste and smell. It had the following characteristics :— Sp. gr. 0-9173 (15 C C) ;

Sapon. Value 195'6 ; Reichert-Meissl Value, 0'55 ; Poleuske Value 0'4 ; iodine

Value, 77*2 ; Acid Value 8 5; unsaponifiable, 0*07 percent; Stearic acid content,

2-4 per cent. The oil became cloudy at 8-8°C. J. Ch. I. 15th Ma- 1912 p : 442


E-documents on Balanites




Oudhia, Pankaj (2013). Pankaj Oudhia’s Notes on Balanites roxburghii Planch.  [Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, and Baman Das Basu. "Indian Medicinal Plants." Indian Medicinal Plants. (1918)].

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