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Pankaj Oudhia’s Notes on Guizotia abyssinica (L.f.) Cass. [Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, and Baman Das Basu. "Indian Medicinal Plants." Indian Medicinal Plants. (1918)].
Based on Ethnobotanical surveys since year 1990 in different parts of India Pankaj Oudhia has documented vital information about Medicinal Plants mentioned in the famous publication by Kirtikar and Basu (1918). Through this research document Pankaj Oudhia has tried to present original document with additional notes. For complete paper with pictures, Interactive Tables, Video and Audio clips please visit pankajoudhia.com
For original publication by Kirtikar and Basu (1918) please visit https://archive.org/details/indianmedicinalp01kirt
653. Guizotia abyssinica (L.f.) Cass. e.f.b.l, hi. 308.
Syn. : — Yerbesina sativa, Roxb. 606.
Habitat : — A native of Tropical Africa, cultivated in various
parts of India.
Vern. :— Ramtil ; Kalatil (H. B. and Bomb.) ; Valesulu f Tel) ;
A stout, erect annual, smooth or scabrid, pubescent upwards.
Leaves 3-oin., sessile, half-amplexicaul, linear, ovate-lanceolate,
lanceolate-oblong, or subcordate, serrate, obtuse. Heads i-lin.
diam., peduncles naked, l-2in. Involucral bracts 5 ; outer
broadly elliptic or ovate, obtuse, green ; ligules few, broad.
Achenes dorsally pressed, glabrous, tip rounded, yielding a
Use : — The oil is sweet, and may be used for the same
pharmaceutical purposes as sesamum oil (Dymock).
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The achenes contain from 40 to 45 per cent, of a yellow sweet oil. According
to Leather seeds from cultivated Indian plants yield on an average 40 per cent,
of oil. The oil is used in soap-making and as a substitute for Linseed oil ;
in India it is occasionally employed as a substitute for ghee.
[Pankaj Oudhia’s Comment: As Adivasi Medicine it is important ingredient of hundreds of Traditional Herbal Formulations. Unfortunately not much work has been done on its different aspects by modern researchers. I have documented Traditional Knowledge about this species. Please see Table Guizo-1 to Guizo-115 for exhaustive information on this species.]
Crossley and Le Sueur in 1898 examined four samples of East Indian oil :
Specific gravity at 15*5°, 9248—0*9263 ; solidifies below zero ; saponification
value, 1889— 192*2; iodine value, 1266 — 1338 i Reichert-Meissl value, O'll—
0*63; Maumene test, 81° ; butyro refractometer, 63° at 40°. Fatty scids and
unsapomfiable, per cent. 94*11 ; iodine value, 1475. The oil has slight siccative
powers and gained 7*2 per cent, in weight in fifteen days.
E-documents on Guizotia
Oudhia, Pankaj (2013). Pankaj Oudhia’s Notes on Guizotia abyssinica (L.f.) Cass. [Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, and Baman Das Basu. "Indian Medicinal Plants." Indian Medicinal Plants. (1918)]. www.pankajoudhia.com
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