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Pankaj Oudhia’s Notes on Xanthium strumarium L. [Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, and Baman Das Basu. "Indian Medicinal Plants." Indian Medicinal Plants. (1918)].

Pankaj Oudhia’s Notes on Xanthium strumarium L. [Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, and Baman Das Basu. "Indian Medicinal Plants." Indian Medicinal Plants. (1918)].

 

Pankaj Oudhia

 

Introduction

 

Based on Ethnobotanical surveys since year 1990 in different parts of India Pankaj Oudhia has documented vital information about Medicinal Plants mentioned in the famous publication by Kirtikar and Basu (1918). Through this research document Pankaj Oudhia has tried to present original document with additional notes. For complete paper with pictures, Interactive Tables, Video and Audio clips please visit pankajoudhia.com

 

 

For original publication by Kirtikar and Basu (1918) please visit https://archive.org/details/indianmedicinalp01kirt

 

 

 

646. Xanthium strumarium, Linn, h.f.b.i., hi.

 

303.

 

Syn. : — X. indicum, D.C. Roxb. 660.

Sans. : — Aristha.

 

 

 

684 INDIAN MEDICINAL PLANTS.

 

Vern, :— Chhota-gokhru ? (Hind.) ; Bun-okra (BeDg.) ; Shan

keshvara ; Dhupa (Bomb.) ; Marlumulta (Tain.) ; Veritel-nep

(Tel.) ; Gokhroo, kullan (Sind ; Pb.)

 

Habitat : — Throughout the hotter parts of India/ usually

near houses ; ascending the Western Himalaya to 5,000 ft.

 

An annual coarse, rough, unarmed herb. Stem short, stout,

slightly branched, spotted, harsh with bristly hairs. Leaves

petioled, 2-3in. long, scabrid, triangular-cordate or orbicular

lobed and toothed, base cuneate. Heads in terminal and

axillary racemes, fruiting involucres fin. long, ovoid or oblong,

beaks erect or diverging. Achenes enclosed in the hardened

involucral cells, ovoid thick ; pappus absent.

 

Use : — The whole plant is supposed to possess powerful dia-

phoretic and sedative properties. It is generally administered

in the form of decoction, and is said to be very efficacious in long

standing cases of malarious fever -;S. Arjun). Mr. Baden-

Powell says that the root is a bitter tonic, useful in cancer [Pankaj Oudhia’s Comment: I have documented information about over 60,000 Traditional Herbal Formulations in which Xanthium parts are used as important ingredient. These Formulations are used in treatment of different types of cancer. The Traditional Healers of Chhattisgarh and Odisha use it for cancer prevention also. Please see Tables Xanth-1 to Xanth-30 for details.] and

strumous diseases. The prickly fruit considered cooling and

demulcent and is given in small-pox, (Stewart). [Pankaj Oudhia’s Comment: It is popular among the Healers having expertise in treatment of different types of fever. The Malaria experts of Bastar use Xanthium based over 3000 Traditional Herbal Formulations. In these Formulations Xanthium is added as secondary ingredient. Please see Table Xanth-31 to Xanth-40 for details.]

 

<iframe width="420" height="315" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/Jds2fghZeTM" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>

 

<iframe width="420" height="315" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/wh2ezvvNU6w" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>

 

<iframe width="420" height="315" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/pxQ7uuSe5oM" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>

 

<iframe width="420" height="315" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/xmI_LFJZagQ" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>

 

In America and Australia, this plant has been observed to

prove fatal to cattle and pigs. [Pankaj Oudhia’s Comment: Agree. The Traditional Healers are well aware of remedial measure to manage such poisoning in cattle.] Its hairs and prickles are em-

ployed as medicine in China (Dymock). [Pankaj Oudhia’s Comment: Also in India.]

 

<iframe width="420" height="315" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/3Ds-dFKkSHI" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>

 

In Southern India, the prickly involucre is applied to the ear,

or tied in a bunch to the ear-ring, to cure hemi-crania (Elliott). [Pankaj Oudhia’s Comment: It is popular treatment Migraine in other parts of India also.]

 

■■ Has proved very useful in urinary diseases, a good diuretic,

diminishes the irritability of the bladder. Very useful also

in gleet and leucorrhoea, given as infusion or in one drachm

doses in powder. Has also been given in menorrhagia (Penny,

in Watt's Dictionary).

 

<iframe width="420" height="315" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/K_-hDbDVMvc" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>

 

The fruits are slightly narcotic (Surgeon Mukerji, in Watt's

Dictionary.)

 

E-documents on Xanthium

 

http://ecoport.org/ep?SearchType=earticleList&Author=oudhia&...

 

Citation

 

Oudhia, Pankaj (2013). Pankaj Oudhia’s Notes on Xanthium strumarium L. [Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, and Baman Das Basu. "Indian Medicinal Plants." Indian Medicinal Plants. (1918)]. www.pankajoudhia.com

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