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Somalia is under Systemic Climate Threat, Women Suffer from the Climate Change
The sustained conflict in Somalia reduced the community collaboration and wiped-out their relations from village to region and this caused lack of effective community mobilization when the natural and man-made disasters occur.
The Somali Media for Environment, Science, Health and Agriculture (SOMESHA) carried out a survey for the current climate situation nationwide in order to know its impacts and how the people are dealing with especially the vulnerable community in the war zone area at the country.
The Rainfall Performance
The 2010 rains began in mid-September in many parts of Somalia such us Sanaag, Togdher and Bari regions and this three regions were received by good rain.
South and Central regions of Somalia remained dry although few pastoral areas received moderate precipitation and in the south the onset of Deyr rains has been delayed and all livelihood zones remained dry with the exception of Bakol and Bay regions as well as Juba regions.
The severities of the mountain floods during the raining seasons have in turn led to increased economic damage and human casualties whenever these rain floods occur.
However, the food security situation of several regions in the country deteriorated in this GU season due to the mountain floods occurred.
The mountain floods which caused also temporarily displacements pushed the affected community into humanitarian emergency. At least 432,000 people are in humanitarian emergency nationwide.
The Impact of Droughts
Obviously, severe drought hit parts of the Mudug region, Galgadud and Lower Shabelle regions in Somalia and affected both local residents and domestic animals.
The most drought affected areas are the villages of Ba’ad Weyne, el Dher, Ad, and Hobyo district of Mudug and Galgadud regions as well as Lanta-bur and Kilomitir 50 villages in Lower Shabelle region and almost 350 domestic animals died from lack of wet feed to graze and water to drink, adding local people are, right now, facing both shortage of water and food. “The drought affected places are the makeshift sites of thousands of people who displaced from ongoing violence in Somalia especially south and central zone and many people started to display again because severe droughts as well have already run dry.
Women are the vulnerable group of the Climate change impacts according to the Mariam Yassin of the Women's Development Organization (IIDA) which is a relief, rehabilitation and development organization and It was founded in May 1991 by a group of Somali professional women to improve women's lives and restore their rights.
“The Somali women who are farmers, pastoralists and fishers are the weakest people for the climate change because no one put them the frontline agenda when it comes aid and they look like a marginalized group within the community” said Mariam Yassin.
Sever but Soft Earthquake hit parts of Somalia
On Tuesday night 23rd November, 2010 the community of Borama district of Awdal region in the Semi-autonomous region of Somaliland was unfortunately survived aheavy earthquake with fearsome sound at around 11: 30 pm.
According to the community of Boon and Hariran villages the earthquake reached region wide within 10 seconds without gigantic damage except from the cracks of few buildings and roads.
The Charcoal Export could boost lots of threats from the Climate
The Charcoal industry to over-exploit forests, leading to deforestation and other environmental degradation but what makes this industry so profitable and is the huge increase in demand from Saudi Arabia and other Gulf States. This combination of external actors and a lack of any national authority or effective regulation make the charcoal industry extremely harmful to the Somalia’s long-term environmental situation.
Charcoal is made by chopping down trees, setting fire to a closely stacked pile of branches and trunks, and covering it with earth so that the amount of oxygen and air is limited. This transforms a process that would otherwise take years to achieve naturally.
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