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Traditional medicinal knowledge about Agonoscelis nubila F. feeding on Asgandh (Withania somnifera) in Chhattisgarh, India. Updated Version.

Traditional medicinal knowledge about Agonoscelis nubila F. feeding on Asgandh (Withania somnifera) in Chhattisgarh, India. Updated Version.

Pankaj Oudhia

Introduction

Entomophagy and Entomotherapy are well known in Asia since generations. Unfortunately not much work has been done to document valuable Traditional Medicinal Knowledge about Insects. Pankaj Oudhia is documenting this knowledge since year 1990. The present note “Traditional medicinal knowledge about Agonoscelis nubila F. feeding on Asgandh (Withania somnifera) in Chhattisgarh, India.”  is updated version of his previously published online research document available through pankajoudhia.com.

Keywords: Entomophagy; Entomotherapy; Medicinal Insects; Ayurveda; Chhattisgarh;

 

Agonoscelis nubila F. is a polyphagus pentatomid bug. It is one of the common pests of agricultural crops in Chhattisgarh. In Bilaspur region, it attacks the wild population of Asgandh (Withania somnifera). Asgandh is well known medicinal herb and popularly known as Indian Ginseng. Although Asgandh is present in wild in many parts of Chhattisgarh and also it is under cultivation as medicinal crop but the infestation of this pentatomid has been observed in Bilaspur region only. The traditional healers of this region are not only aware of medicinal properties and uses of Asgandh but also they use Agonoscelis feeding on Asgandh as medicine. Through the Ethno-entomological surveys conducted in this part of Chhattisgarh, I have collected valuable information on this aspect. The traditional healers use full fed Bugs both internally as well as externally in treatment of many common diseases. As traditional secret, most of the traditional healers do not give any detail. Through frequent visits, and by convincing the healers about the importance of on-going document work, I got information on its use for treatment of respiratory troubles and joint pain. Unlike other insect based drugs, used in combination with herbs, the traditional healers use the insect alone as medicine. In treatment of Asthma, the Bugs are used in form of powder. The full fed Bugs are collected and dried in shade. After drying, powder is prepared. This powder is given in combination with Shahad (honey) to the patients. The dose varies from few pinches to teaspoonful powder. According to the healers, by nature, this powder is hot and they decide the dose on the basis of the vitality of patient. They are aware that by adding medicinal herbs they can reduce the possible harmful effects of overdoses but they do not prefer it. The powder is used as preventive and curative to Asthma. In general, they do not inform the patients that what they are giving as medicine.

New comments added on April 20, 2007

 

When I shared information about this bug with the Traditional Healers of other parts of Chhattisgarh Plains many Healers specially senior Healers informed that they are aware of its medicinal uses. They confirmed its polyphagus nature. The Healers of Bagbahera region claimed that this bug infests wild Asgandh in nearby forest. They showed surprise on its use as single remedy by the Healers of Bilaspur and informed that medicinal insects are always used in combination with medicinal herbs as pure insect may cause harms due to toxins. They disclosed about its medicinal use in treatment of respiratory troubles in combination with Moringa oleifera plant parts specially flowers and leaves. They use it during initial stages. In Asthma they use herbal combinations.

 

The Healers of Durg region also informed that they use this medicinal insect but when I requested them to show the insect they showed another species of bug not exactly this species. They claimed that it was collected from Asgandh plant. They also not use it as single remedy. They add it in over 20 herbal combinations as important ingredient. Surprisingly in these combinations Asgandh is not added.

 

The Healers of Dhamtari region informed that in early days this insect was in use as medicinal insect. Now none of them is practicing knowledge about it. It seems that this knowledge is in danger. Many Herb Vendors of this region also identified this insect as medicinal insect. I am trying hard to get more information about it.

 

 

In treatment of joint pains, the Bugs are used in form of special oil. The freshly collected Bugs are boiled in base oil. When all watery contents evaporate the boiling is stopped and special oil is collected for future use. This special oil is massaged gently on painful parts as medicine. In general, the healers prepared it in bulk during the infestation time and give it to the patients in small quantity for the use. Both uses of Agonoscelis are very popular among the healers. They have deep faith in these traditional formulations.

 

 

New comments added on April 20, 2007

 

Through recent interactions with the Healers of Bilaspur region I got very little but important information about this oil. They presented me this oil. They informed about use of Sarson oil as base oil in this special oil. For better effect the use of sun method for preparation of oil is preferred. They prefer use of freshly collected insects. Old stored insects are used in dry form in Asthma treatment. After seeing some green residues in oil when I asked about it they refused to give any more information. I am not sure but it seems that they add herbs with this insect in order to make this oil more useful. Few years back when I interacted with them they showed me oil free from any such residues. This observation indicates that much information is still with them and more visits are required for getting it.

 

 

These traditional medicinal uses have yet not been reported in reference literatures. Through the present research article, it is coming among the world community for the first time.

 

 

New comments added on April 20, 2007

 

For young researchers willing to conduct clinical trials based on this traditional knowledge I have list of some more combinations based on my experience on this aspect. I suggest them to try it in clinical trials.

 

Insect Based Formulation No. 1-Agonoscelis nubila F. +Trombidium grandissimum

 

Insect Based Formulation No. 2-Agonoscelis nubila F. +Vitex negundo

 

Insect Based Formulation No. 3-Agonoscelis nubila F. +Oecophylla smaragdina

 

Insect Based Formulation No. 4-Agonoscelis nubila F. +Plumbago sp.

 

Insect Based Formulation No. 5-Agonoscelis nubila F. +Nicotiana tabacum

 

Insect Based Formulation No. 6-Agonoscelis nubila F. +Mentha sp.

 

Insect Based Formulation No. 7-Agonoscelis nubila F. +Pterocarpus marsupium

 

Insect Based Formulation No. 8-Agonoscelis nubila F. +Calotropis gigantea

 

Insect Based Formulation No. 9-Agonoscelis nubila F. +Cissus quadrangularis

 

All these combinations are useful for joint pain. These combinations must be prepared using Sarson as base oil. Many innovative Healers are trying these combinations. Although it is not part of their traditional knowledge but they want to add something new in this knowledge. You are welcomed to get more information, if required.

New Comments added on May, 2014

Through recent surveys I have collected additional information on medicinal uses of Agonoscelis collected from Withania plants. In treatment of Boerhavia Toxicity the Traditional Healers use Diospyros based Formulations. In these Formulations Agonoscelis is added as secondary ingredient. In Buchanania and Blumea based Formulations used for Litsea Toxicity Agonoscelis is added as quaternary ingredient. In Mangifera based Formulations for Cynodon Overdose Agonoscelis is added as tertiary ingredient. In Bombax based Formulations used for Moringa excess Agonoscelis is added as senary ingredient. In Dalbergia based Formulations for Echinops Toxicity Agonoscelis is added as nonary ingredient. In Datura based Formulations for Trombidium excess Agonoscelis is added as denary ingredient. In Tacca based Formulations of Gandhamardan Hills used for Asparagus excess Agonoscelis is added as septenary ingredient. In Cocos based Formulations for Hedychium Toxicity Agonoscelis is added as octonary ingredient. In Rosa based Formulations for Calotropis excess Agonoscelis is added as quinary ingredient. For complete information on Formulations and dosage please visit pankajoudhia.com

Thank you very much for reading the article.

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Oudhia, Pankaj and Paull Robert E. (2008). Butter tree Madhuca latifolia Roxb. Sapotaceae p827-828. Encyclopedia of Fruit and Nuts - 2008, J. Janick and R. E. Paull -editors, CABI, Wallingford, United Kingdom

Oudhia, Pankaj and Paull Robert E. (2008). Chironji Buchanania lanzan Spreng. Anacardiaceae p14-15. Encyclopedia of Fruit and Nuts - 2008, J. Janick and R. E. Paull -editors, CABI, Wallingford, United Kingdom

Oudhia, Pankaj and Paull Robert E. (2008). West Indian Almond Terminalia catappa L. Combretaceae. p273-276.. Encyclopedia of Fruit and Nuts - 2008, J. Janick and R. E. Paull -editors, CABI,Wallingford, United Kingdom

Oudhia, Pankaj (2009).Management of Magnaporthe grisea (Pyricularia grisea [=P. oryzae]) in Rice (Oryza sativa) crop. B. Azadirachta indica based formulations. [Internet]. Version 1. Knols of Pankaj Oudhia. 2009 Oct 6. Available from: http://pankajoudhiaknols.wordpress.com/article/management-of-magnap....

Oudhia, P. (2009). 100 popular Insect based Traditional Dishes for Life style Diseases. Pankaj Oudhia’s series on Entomophagy in India. pankajoudhia.com

Oudhia, P. (2009). 100 popular Insect based Traditional Dishes for Kidney Diseases. Pankaj Oudhia’s series on Entomophagy in India. pankajoudhia.com

Oudhia, P. (2009). 100 popular Insect based Traditional Dishes for Respiratory Diseases. Pankaj Oudhia’s series on Entomophagy in India. pankajoudhia.com

Majumdar, Ushinor (2013). A fight to save Traditional Medicines. Tehelka. 2013-07-27, Issue 30 Volume 10. http://www.tehelka.com/a-fight-to-save-traditional-medicines/

Oudhia, P. (2013). Red Rice based Traditional Herbal Formulations for Abdominal aortic aneurysm. Medicinal Rice Formulations (1990-2013) in Pankaj Oudhia’s Medicinal Plant Database at pankajoudhia.com

Oudhia, P. (2013). Red Rice based Traditional Herbal Formulations for Abnormal prostate. Medicinal Rice Formulations (1990-2013) in Pankaj Oudhia’s Medicinal Plant Database at pankajoudhia.com

Oudhia, P. (2013). Red Rice based Traditional Herbal Formulations for Achalasia. Medicinal Rice Formulations (1990-2013) in Pankaj Oudhia’s Medicinal Plant Database at pankajoudhia.com

Oudhia, P. (2013). Red Rice based Traditional Herbal Formulations for Acid reflux. Medicinal Rice Formulations (1990-2013) in Pankaj Oudhia’s Medicinal Plant Database at pankajoudhia.com

Oudhia, P. (2013). Medicinal Rice Bhejri with Red, Brown and Black Rice based Traditional Herbal Formulations (Amarkantak Series) for H1N1 Flu. Medicinal Rice Formulations (1990-2013) in Pankaj Oudhia’s Medicinal Plant Database at pankajoudhia.com

Oudhia, P. (2013). Medicinal Rice Bhejri with Red, Brown and Black Rice based Traditional Herbal Formulations (Amarkantak Series) for Hair Loss. Medicinal Rice Formulations (1990-2013) in Pankaj Oudhia’s Medicinal Plant Database at pankajoudhia.com

Oudhia, P. (2013). Medicinal Rice Bhejri with Red, Brown and Black Rice based Traditional Herbal Formulations (Amarkantak Series) for Head and neck cancers. Medicinal Rice Formulations (1990-2013) in Pankaj Oudhia’s Medicinal Plant Database at pankajoudhia.com

Oudhia, P. (2013). Medicinal Rice Bhejri with Red, Brown and Black Rice based Traditional Herbal Formulations (Amarkantak Series) for Hearing Loss. Medicinal Rice Formulations (1990-2013) in Pankaj Oudhia’s Medicinal Plant Database at pankajoudhia.com

Oudhia, P. (2014). Medicinal Rice Maharaji with Red, Brown and Black Rice based Traditional Herbal Formulations for Farmer's lung. Medicinal Rice Formulations (1990-2014) in Pankaj Oudhia’s Medicinal Plant Database at pankajoudhia.com

Oudhia, P. (2014). Medicinal Rice Maharaji with Red, Brown and Black Rice based Traditional Herbal Formulations for Fast heartbeat. Medicinal Rice Formulations (1990-2014) in Pankaj Oudhia’s Medicinal Plant Database at pankajoudhia.com

Oudhia, P. (2014). Medicinal Rice Maharaji with Red, Brown and Black Rice based Traditional Herbal Formulations for Fatal granulomatosis of childhood. Medicinal Rice Formulations (1990-2014) in Pankaj Oudhia’s Medicinal Plant Database at pankajoudhia.com

Oudhia, P. (2014). Medicinal Rice Maharaji with Red, Brown and Black Rice based Traditional Herbal Formulations for Fecal incontinence. Medicinal Rice Formulations (1990-2014) in Pankaj Oudhia’s Medicinal Plant Database at pankajoudhia.com

Oudhia, P. (2014). Medicinal Rice Maharaji with Red, Brown and Black Rice based Traditional Herbal Formulations for Fibrolamellar carcinoma. Medicinal Rice Formulations (1990-2014) in Pankaj Oudhia’s Medicinal Plant Database at pankajoudhia.com

 

Citation

Oudhia, Pankaj (2014). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Agonoscelis nubila F. feeding on Asgandh (Withania somnifera) in Chhattisgarh, India. Updated Version.  pankajoudhia.com

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